This volume provides an overview of intervention and management strategies for dealing with terrorist and extremist offenders in prisons.
The management of terrorist and extremist prisoners has long been recognised as a difficult problem in prisons. In most countries, such offenders are relatively rare, but when their numbers increase these prisoners can undermine the effectiveness and safety of the prison system. At a global level there is an increasing recognition of the problem of militant jihadi extremists in prison and their ability to recruit new members among other prisoners. The numbers of such prisoners are low but growing and, as a result, prisons are becoming centres of radicalisation; indeed, in some cases, terrorist plots appear to have been based entirely on networks that were radicalised in prison.
This volume presents an expertly informed assessment of what we know about terrorists, extremists and prison, exploring the experience of a wide range of countries and of different political movements. Drawing critical lessons from historical case studies, the book examines critical issues around management strategies, radicalisation and deradicalisation, reform, risk assessment, as well as post-release experiences. The role that prisoners play in the conflicts beyond the jail walls is also examined, with case studies illustrating how prisoners can play a critical role in bringing about a peace process or alternatively in sustaining or even escalating campaigns of violence.
PART I: INTRODUCTION 1. Terrorists, Extremists and Prison: An Introduction to the Critical Issues, Andrew Silke 2. ‘To Punish, Deter and Incapacitate’: Incarceration and Radicalisation in UK Prisons after 9/11, Colin Murray PART II: RADICALISATION, DE-RADICALISATION AND DISENGAGEMENT 3. Developing a Model of Prison Radicalisation, Joshua Sinai 4. From Criminals to Terrorists: The US Experience of Prison Radicalisation, Liran Goldman 5. Does De-radicalisation Work? Considering Communication and Psychological Impact in Prison De-radicalisation Programmes, Kurt Braddock 6. A Time to Think, A Time to Talk: Irish Republican Prisoners in the Northern Irish Peace Process, John Morrison PART III: CRITICAL ISSUES IN MANAGEMENT, RISK ASSESSMENT AND REFORM 7. The Healthy Identity Intervention: The UK’s Development of a Psychologically Informed Intervention to address Extremist Offending, Chris Dean 8. Risk Assessment of Terrorist and Extremist Prisoners, Andrew Silke 9. Violent Extremist Risk Assessment: Issues and Applications of the VERA-2 in a High Security Correctional Setting, D. Elaine Pressman and John Flockton 10. The Israeli Experience of Terrorist Prisoner Management and Risk Assessment, Sagit Yehoshua PART IV: KEY CASE STUDIES 11. Terrorism, Extremism, Radicalisation and the Offender Management System in England and Wales, Richard Pickering 12. Saudi Arabia’s "Soft" Approach to Terrorist Prisoners: A Model for Others?, Marisa Porges 13. De-radicalising the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Arie Kruglanski, Michele Gelfand, Jocelyn Bélanger, Rohan Gunaratna and Malkanthi Hetiarachchi 14. The "Three Rings" of Terrorist Rehabilitation and Counter-Ideological Work in Singapore: A Decade On, Kumar Ramakrishna 15. Radicalisation, Recidivism and Rehabilitation: Convicted terrorists and Indonesian prisons, Sulastri Osman 16. The Red Army Faction Prisoners in West Germany: Equal treatment or unfairly tough?, Gisela Diewald-Kerkmann 17. Prison Policy as an Anti-Terrorist Tool: Lessons from Spain, Manuel R. Torres Soriano PART V: POST-RELEASE EXPERIENCES 18. Do Leopards Change Their Spots? Probation, Risk Assessment and Management of Terrorism-Related Offenders on Licence in the UK, Ben Wilkinson 19. Northern Irish Ex-Prisoners: The impact of Imprisonment on Prisoners and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland, Neil Ferguson