This is the first book to address in depth the interplay between radicalisation and political violence in Europe, as well as the effectiveness of counter-measures.
As evidenced from the multitude of intercepted plots across several European cities since 2001, the threat level and the intensity of the desire to perpetrate mass-casualty attacks within Europe is not diminishing. While violent radicalization has gradually moved to the top of the EU counterterrorism agenda, it has been accompanied by a relatively embryonic understanding about the processes and interplay of factors that contribute to radicalization, which are played out differently in cities like Paris, Rome, London and Copenhagen. Undoubtedly, there are common factors at the global and regional levels that facilitate radicalization, but it is also clear that radicalization is very context dependent. This book provides crucial insights into different ways to understand violent radicalization within national contexts and the challenges addressing the many pathways into terrorism inspired by al-Qaeda and other forms of Islamic extremism.
Introduction Magnus Ranstorp
Part 1: Understanding Radicalization as a Process
1. Background Contributing Factors to Terrorism: Radicalisation and Recruitment Rem Kortweg with Sajjan Gohel, Francois Heisbourg, Magnus Ranstorp and Rob de Wijk
2. Where does the Radicalisation Process Lead? Radical Community, Radical Networks and Radical SubculturesPeter Waldmann, Matenia Sirseloudi and Stefan Malthaner
3. The Physiology of Al-Qaeda: From Ideology to Participation Christina Hellmich
4. Joining Jihadi Terrorist Cells in Europe – Exploring Motivational Aspects of Recruitment and Radicalization Petter Nesser
Part 2: Understanding Radicalization in Context
5. Radicalization and Recruitment in Europe: The UK Case Mark Huband
6. An Overview of Violent Jihad in the UK: Radicalisation and the State Response Lindsay Clutterbuck
7. Islamism, Radicalisation and Jihadism in the Netherlands: Main Developments and Counter Measures Edwin Bakker
8. The Jihadists and Anti-Terrorist Challenges in France: An Overview Jean-Luc Marret
9. Radicalization and Recruitment Among Jihadist Terrorists in Spain: Main Patterns and Subsequent Counterterrorist Measures Rogelio Alonso
10. Salafi-Jihadi Terrorism in Italy Carl Björkman